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1) ORIGIN OF ISLAMIC BELIEFS
2) MUSLIMS, SCRIPTURES & DIVISIONS
1) ORIGIN OF ISLAMIC BELIEFS
As already explained people are prone to questioning anything and everything including the existence of universe as soon as they are born and are able to talk and reason things out. A child asks a lot of questions if one cares to observe and unless his parents and other relatives or teachers etc stop him or her from doing that the child never stops. In fact parents or any other person for that matter has no time for that due to other problems of life we all face. Children ask so many questions out of innocent curiosity that at times they make adults fed up. We should encourage children to ask yet more questions but unfortunately this does not happen in religious communities rather they stop people from raising questions and instead go for feudal supported indoctrination at a massive scale. This clearly shows how interested the religious communities are in disseminating knowledge that really matters. People naturally discuss the theory of a creator and the universe because they are constantly fed with religious indoctrination or when there rationality is in its infancy. One changes one‚€™s mind many times during one‚€™s life about things as one grows up from the time of one‚€™s birth. This shows what difference the knowledge makes if one tries to learn and learning should be a life long process.
So as people become educated and sophisticated, their knowledge expands and as they think more and more about the universe they realise that belief in a creator may not be true at all. People were always divided in their opinions about the origin of the universe. Some suggested that universe and things which exist therein could not have come about all by themselves hence they invented creators or creator. Others began to question, who created that creator and whether the universe itself is at all perfect to validate existence of a perfect creator and so on and so forth. Education was always very limited ie people had to learn things by themselves and pass them onto their coming generations. The original question in peoples‚€™ minds was, what is behind all kinds of unknown powerful phenomena that bring suffering to people and other living things. The question of god was a much later development and even then it was, about a god or gods? Because some thought the universe may well be too much for one god to handle or accomplish. They invented an explanation that projected a god behind each phenomenon they experienced. So we have groups of people who think there are gods, some think there is only one god and yet others think there may well be no god at all. Each group has been gathering arguments or evidences to prove their point. All alleged divine scriptures talk about these three groups that have been existing along side each other through out times and places.
When some thing happens and we do not see how it happened or why it happened then we have the tendency to attribute it to something eg some may say god or gods have done it, others may invent other beings or magic etc. But those who have better judgement they would simply say we don‚€™t know why it happened but we should try as much as possible to find it out. It is people who put emphasis on finding out about something that are the ones that are right. They are the ones who have made it possible for mankind to progress and it is that mentality or attitude that needs to be praised and encouraged. If we look at religions, in the beginning people had no languages and no thoughts of religious kind at all as we know them today. They were like babies but once they started the religious thought there was no end to it, so the oldest religions were mostly polytheistic and the later ones are monotheistic because by then more and more people realised that they do not need numberless gods to create and run the universe, so they purified and refined their beliefs more and more as they advanced in observations to unravel the universal mysteries of cause and effect. Likewise only now people in great numbers are beginning to overcome the fact that they do not need any god at all to create or run the universe. I am not saying that all people were polytheists in the beginning but that majority of people who were interested in this debate could not understand how one god could control the universe because they did not believe in any almighty god as some of us believe today.
They believed in gods who were a bit more powerful than themselves with longer life spans and had families. Only a minority believed in one god and even less people thought there is no god at all. The natural religious phase was phased out by monarchs and their priests through organised religions. Now days most people even from polytheistic back grounds believe in monotheism. Old ideas about god slowly disappeared as observation based philosophy and logic became more and more sophisticated and people began to observe universe more and more rationally. Similarly monotheistic religions were also perfected ie improved and likewise there came in Arabia a man claiming prophet-hood from god, who learned his beliefs of polytheistic, pantheistic, dualistic and monotheistic faiths and preached religion by a new name, islam. He called his god by name of Allah. The origin of word Allah is traced to three different sources. One is Hebrew or jewish word ELAH and the other is Allah of Meccan polytheists ie the god in the sky and yet another is traced back to African and Middle Eastern origin before jews etc ie the moon god was called Allah by people of Yemen etc . Elah is not the personal name of jewish god that is YEWAH or in English Jehovah. Surprisingly the word means I am who I am, which raises questions about Torah or gospel because that cannot be the right thing to do ie god of jews refuses to be known by a correct name when Mosses asks him his name. Anyway Elah is a name given to person of a god due to the kind of being he is assumed to be. In that case it is exactly same as in Arabic ILAH. If one uses definite article AL with Ilah then that becomes AL-ILAH . The HAMZA is left out in Arabic pronunciation, so it becomes ALLAH ie the god.
If it is true then it clearly shows a word attributed to a particular god for addressing him, by people of Arabia themselves. It was not revealed to people by god as his proper or personal name ie ISMAL ALAM. The muslims use of word ALLAH as a proper noun for god is then a misuse of the word ALLAH. Now who is this so called the god? It cannot be any visible god of polytheists because they had proper names for all their visible gods. It seems they addressed a special god with this word whom they couldn‚€™t sense but only could assume his existence ie the god who is in heaven. This explains and proves origin of word ALLAH. This very strongly suggests that Muhammad did not get any revelation of any god, for Allah is definitely not the name of the muslim god. Had Muhammad received any revelation from a god that god ought to tell him his proper name and that name ought to be different from word Allah, for word allah according to the rules of Arabic language cannot be the proper name of any god. So the origin of word Allah as a proper noun for an alleged heavenly being in Arabic language is impossible in sense of linguistic rules as well as in sense of divine revelation. If it was used for the moon god as a proper noun which I doubt then its origin is not Arabic or Hebrew at all and cannot be so for the reason already explained. However according to Muhammad the language the very first man Adam spoke was Arabic and all people will speak that language in paradise. So the name of muslim god becomes a problem for muslims because if Arabic is the very first human language and word Allah cannot be a proper name for god in Arabic then islam cannot be the revealed religion due to this principle contradiction. Muhammad simply borrowed this word from polytheists and did not realise the implication of doing that which means he was not well versed in Arabic language either.
The sects in islam are based on differences of opinions about scriptural canon, its interpretations, spiritual and material world. Amongst muslim sects some believe in angels as supernatural beings others as forces of nature. Some believe in magic as supernatural power others believe it is mere trickery. Some believe in supernatural powers of saints others don‚€™t. It all depends on how logically developed their minds are. The reasons for invention of a new religion in the olden times could be various but one most powerful reason would be development of a new community or people at the time in a new way. As we know that it is not possible to change people‚€™s mindset over night so demand has to be there already for the new religion. In a way people should already be waiting for someone to lead them being fed up with already existing system of life. So the more appealing the new organised religion is the more likely is its success. The way world is, powerful people control the masses and use them abusively and so there comes a time when people get fed up with this going on, for number of victims of existing systems reaches saturation point, so they are ready to take up arms to fight back. The spiritual aspect of religion is different, for it is based on individual thought. For example, very simple minded people look for very simple answers to their problems ie if one gets ill they will think, the sick person may have done something wrong so gods are angry with him. Therefore they will do something to please gods so that they may make him better. They wouldn‚€™t look for disease or its mechanisms and how it may be cured because that would be too complicated for that people at that time and the knowledge simply would not be there. However, some time sick people got better after they performed some rituals but some time they died and in each case simple explanations would be offered by the religious doctors of the time. Even today some people are as capable of thinking things through as the people of long time ago whereas others can think so far in future that one is amazed at their ability and knowledge. This is why the gap between rich and poor is so wide because it is based on gap of knowledge.
Atheists were a minority in the past and so they are now but now they are increasing in numbers at a faster rate because education is bringing them freedom from all sorts of wrong beliefs that were based on silly ideas. You cannot expect atheist people in great numbers because education is still very limited. Most poor countries hardly have even 5% of their population educated, for they are still controlled by feudals through religious mechanisms. Even in the west educated people hardly reach 20% and a lot of young people drop out of schools without even any basic qualifications even though it is compulsory for them to go to school till the age of sixteen. So one can see why there are less number of atheists in the world, because people need to be able to spend nearly 20 years of their life in good educational institutes for a basic qualification. Not only that but you need to be able to understand a lot of things before you can realise there is a god or there isn‚€™t and you need to be able to afford the education. Graduation and master‚€™s or even doctorate serves no purpose if a person does not use his education to understand the world in which we live and die. So no wonder it is the poor people who are uneducated, for they have been kept from education and it is they who have been unduly exploited by the rich and the powerful rulers and priests, for they have been indoctrinated for centuries and consequently it is they who have now become truly religious even without the interference of feudals etc. Even though the slavery has been almost eliminated from the world yet exploitation goes on the same, so little has really changed because the education is not so wide spread yet as it ought to be to change the things for the better amongst muslims.
2) MUSLIMS, SCRIPTURES & DIVISIONS
Muslim scriptures are called: the quran, the hadith and fiqh. The quran is believed to be actual word of god. Tafaseer are explanations, interpretation and commentaries written on the quran throughout times and places by scholars of the quran called MUFASSEREEN. They discuss therein the chronological order of the quranic suras (ie chapters) and ayaat (verses). They state therein background, reasons and contexts for alleged heavenly revelations of the verses and explain the meanings of the verses in sense of beliefs and legal codes and general practice as understood by themselves and their contemporaries as well as earlier scholars before them if there were any. Word tafaseer is plural of word tafseer which means the detail. The hadith is a report about what the prophet of islam said or did etc. The hadith sharahs are interpretations, explanations and commentaries written on the hadith by hadith scholars called SHAREHEEN. Therein they explain meanings of hadith, steps for collection of hadith, chains of narrators and categorisation of hadith ie from reliable MUTABAR to unreliabe GHAIR MUTABAR, complete chain (MARFOO) to incomplete NAQIS. (MUTASIL, MUNQATA, MURSAL or (MAQTOO) ie one or more narrators missing in the chain of transmission, true (SAHEEH) to false (MOZOO), strong (QUVI) to weak ZAEEF), and well known (MASHOOR) to little known (MAROOF), reported by many to many (KHABRA MATWATIR) to single report (KHABRE WAHID) etc etc.
Faulty ahadith or reports are categorized according to faults in the chain of transmission or faults in the reported texts. The fault in the chain of transmission is about one or more links missing from the prophet to the collector of the hadith. The text faults are variations in the actual reported texts or that one or more transmitters forget a part of text etc or mix it up. Each hadith may have more than one category due to parallel channels of transmission and their reliabilities as well as reliabilities of individual links within each chain of narrators and the textual variations etc etc. Word sharah means to open up, widen or expand. The fiqh is jurisprudence dictated by FOQAHA ie muslim law doctors and legislature. Word Fiqh means the understanding or comprehension. The SHARAH of fiqh is again explanation and interpretastion about it by MUFTIES and QADIES ie the law interpreters and applicators or judges. The quran is alleged to be the revelation from god to mankind through an Arabian prophet called Muhammad who lived in 7th century AD. The hadith is claimed to be a collection of reports by prophet‚€™s followers by collectors of hadith called MUHADDESEEN about words and deeds of the prophet. The fiqh is said to be a collection of laws that were formed by muslim law makers or explainers through out times and places who based them on the quran and the hadith using ijtehad (individual opinions), qias (analogy), jamhoor (majority opinion) and ijma (consensus or unanimous opinion).
The people who follow the fiqh of any particular imam of fiqh are called muqalladeen. The religion the muslims follow is called islam. Islamic fiqh is not any different from any other legal frame work of any other religion and the hadith is also same as other traditions of other religions except that it was allegedly collected with a bit of extra care in order to minimise unreliable or false reports by the narrators, which is questionable as we shall see. The hadith has two parts called ISNAD ie chain of tranmitters and MATAN ie the report. The critics of hadith are called NAQEDEEN. The quran and the hadith books were written or modified by the people centuries after the death of the prophet. Muslims too are divided into many sects on that basis eg sunies, shias, khawrijees, rafazies, jabries, qadries, mutazilies, wahabies, deobandies, brailvies, ahalay hadith, mirzaies, qadyanies, ahalay quran, nation of islam, ismailies, imamyas, pervazies, naturies, freeminders, submitters, hanfies, malkies, humbalies, shafies, qaadries, naqshbandies, chisties, sohrwardies and so on and so forth. Muslims believe in god, angels, demons, spirits and devil. They believe in god‚€™s direct intervention as well as influence of angels, saints, devil and demons over people and things. Moreover they believe in powers of magic and that people can control prophets, angels or demons through various rituals and practices and so they can make them do things they want them to do.
It has been reported in the hadith books that Muhammad was influenced by magic spell and that he tried to commit suicide as well. They believe that saints can intervene on behalf of a person as well as intercede For this read about Abdul Qaadir Jilani who rests in Bagdad, Iraq or Moinuddin Ajmeri, who rests in Ajmer, India and or Ali Hajwari, who rests in Lahore, Pakistan. They believe in miracles through prophets and saints etc. Muslims hold their prophets and saint as well as their relics in high respect and reverence. They never mention their names without many honorary titles and invoking many divine blessings for them. Fundamentalists‚€™ emphasis is on spiritualism and hereafter through organised religion but liberals are very much money orientated, materialists who are trapped because their secular outlook on the world. It is claimed by muslims that islam is a perfect way of life appointed by god and therefore it controls a person‚€™s whole life ie religious and political, spiritual and material and public and private through set beliefs, rituals and practices etc etc. However muslim contribution to material world is zero or it speaks for itself. Anything muslims claim to have done was actually borrowed from Greeks, Romans, Persians, Egyptians and Indians etc. The borrowers were not muslim religious scholars but worldly wise of islamic origin who were condemned by the great religious scholars like Al Ghazali. It is very important to understand that so called fundamentalists or extremists in all religions never accept religion separate from state, so they don‚€™t believe in separation of religion and state. We will examine such things, claims and beliefs as we go along and see if they stand to reason.
3) THE QURAN & THE CRITICISM
Most people are asked by muslims to study the quran themselves for understanding so that they become muslims if they are nonmuslims or extremists if they are muslims already by birth so that they could fight the infidels to increase influence of islam to takeover the world. They want more people to embrace Islam so that muslim feudals have more people to exploit. I am saying muslim feudals because it is they who are supplying money for this work called DAWA work or muslim propaganda mission for furthering islamic cause. I have already explained elsewhere why they do this or how. The missionaries do not encourage real critical study of the Quran to promote the truth about it. Not only that they do not provide the essential materials for such a study but they also try their best to hide such materials as help to know the truth about the quran ie criticism of islam, quran and Muhammad etc etc by people which already exists. In fact they actively discourage people from reading it and even try to stop from it through trying to get it banned or by threats. They are not in favour of people making up their own minds rather they try to make other peoples‚€™ minds up for them. This is the only reason that we need web sites and the like platforms. Nonmuslims in all walks of life are paid handsomely by charitable organisation that receive funds directly from Saudi Arabia to promote this cause amongst their own people and they are stupid enough to fall for it, not realising that they are quietly promoting Arab nationalism and imperialism.
Why Saudi Arabia does this and how it does it is very important to understand. You see, millions of people visit the kingdom for performing their religious duties all round the year. Each visitor spends thousands of Dollars on each visit in the kingdom. This brings billions of dollars to Saudi Arabia for nothing and increases its influence around the globe thus giving it sense of security. Religious indoctrination does wonders. Many many muslims are willing to go on suicide missions everywhere if anything happens to Saudi kingdom. Yet the stupid nonmuslims tell us Islam is a great religion and muslims are a great bunch of people. Islam gives you freedom to express yourself and it is fair etc etc. You do not have to believe me just go to your local central mosque and ask for books about islam by nonmuslim authors or go through muslim websites. These people do not stop their but go further and attack their own religions, states and people for doing anything against islam or muslims. The truth is these people who say such things about Islam and muslims do not embrace Islam themselves. So their lies come to surface without much scrutiny. Not only that but they never spoke against Islam and muslims in matters which really matter in islamic media and platforms, so they do not know or deliberately hide the intolerant face of islam and muslims. Again you do not have to believe me just go ahead and try yourself, how tolerant islam and muslims are. Try to write something that is critical of Islam, the quran or the prophet etc and see the reaction for yourself. I am quite sure that your article will not find any muslim printer or publisher anywhere in the world, not even on the internet. If you some how manage to get your article in any nonmuslim media it too will not be free from protest letters and death threat. Not only that but even printing and publishing houses may be burned down. Why don‚€™t you find out how many people are put to death and how many are still rotting away in prison cells in muslim states worldwide charged under the blasphemy laws. So I suggest that people study the quran, Islam, Muhammad and muslims critically. Don‚€™t let your ignorance ruin you for good and perhaps many others because of you stupidity. Never under estimate power of organised religion, for it is only and only a controlling mechanism by the ruling classes for controlling ordinary people for exploitation and abuse.
As for the critical study of the quran, people are told the quran is word of god, so they need to study the quran to see if that is the case or not. Seek clear-cut proof and a distinct way of proving for each and every claim in the quran or about the quran. If you get it, by all means follow the quran and help people like me to do the same but if you cannot (and I can clearly see that you cannot) then help people like myself to break this elusion called the perfect religion, the perfect scripture and the perfect prophet. The other suggestion is that when one studies the quran one should look for faults for disproving the claims. Only and only if the study shows no faults in it, the quran would be acceptable as a perfect word of Allah. Most of the material you need for disproving the quran is within the quran itself. For example, the proof of god‚€™s existence is absolutely impossible and this point was raised by Makkan infidels repeatedly ie you are human being like us how can you witness god or how can god make you his witness when we human beings are all the same in our creation. There was never ever in Arabia a man before Muhammad who might have claimed prophetship from Allah. They also disprove his claim by telling us how Muhammad created the Quran and what it contains ie no proof but nonsense and idle talk. What is happening here is that Arabs are divided into rich and poor, powerful and destitute. The debate is sometimes between Arab chiefs in Makkah and sometime between Muhammad and ordinary people of Makkah. Chiefs are clever but their slaves and other ordinary people are not. Muhammad gets his following from people who are already fed up with their tribal chiefs, their religions and practices. Even chiefs with lesser powers who had limited credibility with more powerful chiefs were looking for new ways to get some sort of leverage in the power hierarchy.
So you see, one must study human instinctive behaviour and how societies form, the quranic history, history of Arabs and the Arabic language at the time to have some idea of the circumstances and the environment at the time during which the quran was created or allegedly revealed. One must accept the fact that the perfect word of God has to be perfect in every possible way in every possible sense. For example, in ideology, in ideological systems and practices, in language, in presentations, in spellings, in sentences, in grammar, in punctuation, in logic, in reasons for commandments, in philosophy, in objectives, in subjects and for guidance of humanity etc etc. What it means is that one must look at the quran critically as regard to everything that makes the quran, the quran. So criticism of its history becomes important. Criticism of its language, its presentations, its spellings, its grammar, its punctuation, its reasoning, its reasons, its laws, its objectives, its subjects etc etc becomes of vital importance. It ought to be perfect in ideological, political, social, cultural and economic systems and practices but it is not.
One has to ask, is the quran perfect looking at its history? Was the language, in which the quran was written down, perfect? Was it memorized perfectly by people at the time looking back at history of quranic memorization? Was it spelt by God himself when it was written down or was it that different people wrote down its text differently? Were punctuation there in the quran in the beginning from god or were they added to it later on by ordinary people? Does the grammar of the quran come from god or from ordinary men? Is the grammar of the quran perfect or imperfect? Are the reasons in the quran for various beliefs & practices, objectives and laws etc perfectly reasonable or unreasonable? I can go on and on but I hope that the critical reader of the quran has got the message. For the quran to be proven perfect one has to consider many things which go with it to see if they are perfect or not. If any of the things is clearly imperfect then the whole thing is imperfect, because god‚€™s word has to be perfect in every way by its very nature. It cannot be expected to be part perfect and part imperfect. Remember a chain is only perfect if it does not have even a single link that is defective.
When it comes to believing in the quran things get even tougher. One has to ask, does the quran claim to be word of god? Does it say what is the clearcut proof for such a claim? Does it state the way the alleged divine proof clearly and distinctively or decisively proves the claim? If it says, it does then examine it to ensure it is so. The quran claims it is the word of almighty but how do we know that? The quran claims it does not have any contradictions within or with outside universe but how do we know that? The quran says, no one can produce anything like the quran but how do we know that? Again the list can go on and on. To claim that none can bring the like of the quran necessitates that the claimant clarifies in what respect it cannot be matched. If it fails then the claim is disproved straight away. When the quran claims it is perfect, ask in what respects? It is the duty of a muslim as an alleged divine agent to prove the divine origin of the quran to all the challengers, for a muslim claims, he stands witness to the fact that god is one, so hold him to account for making such a misleading claim. If I made nonsense claims to mislead people, they will not leave me alone yet these people are getting away with murder in fact and world is watching like spectators. Something needs to be done to curb religious intolerance, hatred and violence particularly from muslim communities in the name of their religion against all others ie nonmuslim communities and individuals.
Anyway going back to the quranic claims, is there any explanation found in the quran about such claims as listed in the quran? If not the quran is proven faulty and false, because the missing information regarding the claim shows imperfection in the quran which in turn shows inconsistencies within the quran. The quran is not perfect and we know it from muslims themselves. Some of them say that islam is not perfect without quran, some of them say that islam is not perfect without the quran and the hadith and some say islam is not perfect without the quran, the hadith and the fiqh. If the quran needs hadith to help it to be understood and implemented and the hadith needs fiqh and fiqh also needs further explanation, for all explanations need further explanation then it is obvious that all four are integral part of each other. Are they authentic to the same degree, for a chain is as strong as its weakest link? The quran has been kept to a minimum text-wise that is why Allah did not reveal the whole islam in the quran. If the quran was not increased in text due to difficulty of human memory etc then how does hadith help it by having so many extra books to ensure authenticity of the Hadith? They are now even bigger problem because you need books of ASMAA ALRIJAAL (ie biographies of the narrators of the reports) and books of criticism like TEHZIB ATTEHZIB etc to go with them to see which narrator was alright and which was not alright, which hadith text was right and which was messed up etc etc.
In fact there are different ways of looking at the quran critically and I have stated some to help people with study of the quran. Never take anyone‚€™s word for it study things yourself and use commonsense. If something is believable believe it, not because someone of great reputation tells you to do so. Some educated people of the west have damaged their reputation by joining in on telling lies for making money as regard to islam. They as historians wrote that Muhammad was the greatest man who ever lived. Some western scientists did exactly the same stating in their books that the quran was an extraordinary book with data that is accurate according to present scientific knowledge etc. My own findings are, the quran is not the revelation from any god whatsoever. My problem remains, who is the real author of the quran? See if you can help me find out. All Arab history is almost entirely of muslim origin and it has been compiled centuries after the death of the prophet. It seems as if it was written by people emotionally to attain some sort of identity and respect ie based on their own sentiments rather than on actual facts. Some suggest that it may be a story created much later in time and projected into the past for creating some sort of identity or sentimental value for unity amongst Arabs in particular and muslims in general, which is a very dangerous thing ideologically, politically, socially, culturally and economy wise.
Individuals are different and need to be different from each other, it makes our lives interesting. You must do something different from what I do but we must cooperate positively for mutual progress and prosperity. Anyway I simply do not know who wrote the quran originally or the hadith yet, one can clearly see how people have been writing commentaries, explanations and justifications on and about the quran, the hadith and the fiqh. Hundreds of people if not thousands through out times and places have done this. I fail to understand why? After all this carry on the quran still remains a mystery ie still no one knows who wrote it, where, when, how and why. Muslims hid their tracks quite well by destroying the traces of their past. To me Islam is the final brick in the palace of organised religion and so it too should be brought to an end to save humanity from any more suffering, death and destruction.